Development journey of post-independence Sanskrit ghazal


  • Dr.Arun Kumar Nishad Assistant Professor (Sanskrit Department) Mother Teresa Women's College, Katkakhanpur, Dwarikaganj, Sultanpur


Ghazal, Sanskrit ghazal writer and modern sentiments.


The process of Sanskrit composition which started from the Vedic period is dynamic. It is the developed form of the literary stream that has been flowing continuously for thousands of years, which is still active till the twenty-first century. Pro. In the words of ‘Abhiraj’ Rajendra Mishra-
Gangev Bhuvam Paripavayate.
Gaurav Mahima Sanskrit Language ||
There is an inexhaustible storehouse of unique creations in this language. Not only does it hold a prominent place in world literature due to its antiquity, but due to being an incomparable means of spiritual practice, practical education and entertainment for the welfare of the people, it has gained wide fame and has also earned praise from the entire country openly. Scholars of all countries have unanimously accepted that Sanskrit is the oldest language in the world. The world's oldest book, Rigveda, is in this language. Every genre and scripture of literature is easily available in Sanskrit. Whatever genres of world literature are being written, everything is also in Sanskrit. After seeing and hearing all these things, McDonnell, Winternitz, Paul Dyson, Windish, Hertel, Max Muller, Theodore Aufrecht, H.H.Wilson, G.Grassmann, A.Ludwig, R.T.H. Griffith, Prof. Oldenburg, Longlva, Rudolf Rath, Geldner, Kaegi, Hillebrandt, Prof. Haug, Dr. Keith, Weber, R.V. Clayton, G.Gond, Louis Reno, Pichel, Colonel Jacob, G. Grasta Bloomfield, Calend, J. Scholars like Wackernagel etc. were also attracted towards it.
German scholar Max Muller has said – “Sanskrit is the greatest language in the world, the most wonderful and most powerful.”
Describing its importance, Sir William Jones has said – “Sanskrit is a wonderful language. “It is more complete than Greek, richer than Latin, and more refined than any other language.”


Contemporary Hindi Ghazal Identification and Analysis, Dr. Saima Bano, Kala Prakashan Himachal Pradesh, 2013 AD, page number 28

Hindi Ghazal origin and development, Rohitashva Asthana, page number 22

Contemporary Hindi Ghazal Identification and Analysis, Dr. Saima Bano, Page No. 29

Abhirajya Shobhushanam, Prof. Abhiraj Rajendra Mishra, Vaijant Prakashan Allahabad, Edition 2006 AD, Page No. 284

Same page number 284

Same page number 283

Ibid, page no. 283

Vagvadhuti, Prof. Abhiraj Rajendra Mishra, Akshayavat Prakashan Allahabad, Edition 1978 AD, page number 75

Hindi Sahitya Kosh, Part-1, (Terminological Glossary), Editor Dhirendra Verma, Gyan Mandal Limited, Varanasi, 1963 AD, page number 278

Abhinavkavyalankarsutram, Prof. Radhavallabh Tripathi, Publication Sampurnanand Sanskrit University Varanasi, Edition 2005 AD, Page No. 150

Form and important signatures of Hindi Ghazal, Dr. Vashishtha Anoop, page number 15

Hindi Ghazal Ek Yatra, Literary Essay, Editor Tribhuvan Nath Singh, Dr. Vijay Bahadur Singh, page 88

Manjunatha Granthavali: (First Part), Editor Prof. Radhavallabh Tripathi, Publication Rashtriya Sanskrit Sansthan New Delhi, Edition 2010 AD, Page Number 295

Ibid, page no. 303

Parishinam, Research Magazine, June 2017 AD, Page No. 34

Kalpavalli, Editor Prof. Abhiraj Rajendra Mishra, Sahitya Akademi Publications Delhi, 2018 AD, page number 62

Utkalika, Prof. Haridutt Sharma, Anjaneya Prakashan Allahabad, Edition 1989 AD, Page No. 70

Shodashi, Dr. Virendra Kumar Bhattacharya, Editor Prof. Radhavallabh Tripathi, Sahitya Akademi Publications Delhi, 1992 AD, page number 17

Geetimandakini (Pranavarachnawali), Dr. Ichcharam Dwivedi 'Pranav', Nag Prakashan, Delhi, 1992 AD, page number 301

Kalpavalli, Tvadiya'nanne, Editor Prof. Abhiraj Rajendra Mishra, Sahitya Akademi Prakashan Delhi, 2018 AD, page number 573

Himsanskritvarta: Daily e-newspaper, 20 August 2022 AD.

Signature e-monthly magazine, October 2019

Smrtavyoham Tada Dr. Kaushal Tiwari, Educational Book Service New Delhi, Edition 2022 AD, Page No. 25

Ibid, page no. 28

Ibid, page no. 31

Ibid, page no. 32

Adharontamarani, Dr. Praveen Pandya, Tuhina Publications Kolkata, 2015 E. Page No. 100

Same, page no. 103

Ibid, page no. 40

Ibid, page no. 112 2, pp. 9–12.




How to Cite

Development journey of post-independence Sanskrit ghazal. (2023). Knowledgeable Research: A Multidisciplinary Journal, 2(02), 33-50.

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